ENDINGEN

ENDINGEN, town in Baden, Germany, site of a notorious blood libel . Jews are first mentioned there in 1331; in 1349 they were affected by the black death persecutions. When the headless corpses of two adults and two children were found in the grounds of the cemetery in March 1470, Rabbi Elias and his two brothers (granduncles of joseph b. gershon of Rosheim) were accused of ritual murder, tortured, put on trial, and burned at the stake on April 8, 1470. On May 5, Emperor Frederick III condemned the executions on the grounds that the Jews were under imperial protection and ordered the release of other imprisoned Jews, repeating this demand on June 22 and stressing papal prohibitions of the blood libel. In consequence of the libel, the Jews were expelled from Endingen. Despite imperial and papal disapproval, the blood libel story was kept alive; the remains of the supposed victims were enshrined in the altar of the Church of St. Peter. The story was reenacted in the Endinger Judenspiel, first performed before huge crowds in 1616. A church bell cast in 1714 bears reliefs of the headless children. Carrying the children's relics in church processions was prohibited under emperor joseph ii (1765–90). By 1871 some Jews were living in the town once more. Their number reached 43 in 1888, but declined to ten in 1925, and five in 1933. The remaining couple was deported   in 1940. In 1967 the remains of the "martyred" children were removed from the church. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: K.V. Amira, Das Endinger Judenspiel (1883); I. Kracauer, in: REJ, 16 (1888), 236–45; Baron, (1967), 177, 372; K.J. Baum, in: Miscellanea Mediaevalia, 4 (1966), 337–49; Germ. Jud., 2 (1968), 209–10; F. Hundschnurscher and G. Taddey, Die Juedischen Gemeinden in Baden (1968); K. Kurrus, in: Schau-ins-Land, 83. Jahresheft des Breisgauer Geschichtsvereins (1965), 133–48; T. Oelsner, in: Aufbau (Dec. 18, 1966 and July 31, 1970); New York Times (Oct. 1, 1967). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: W. Frey, in: R. Erb (ed.), Die Legende vom Ritualmord (1993), 201–21.

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • Endingen — ist der Name folgender Orte: Endingen am Kaiserstuhl, Stadt im Landkreis Emmendingen, Baden Württemberg Endingen (Balingen), Stadtteil der Stadt Balingen im Zollernalbkreis, Baden Württemberg Endingen (Jakobsdorf), Ortsteil der Gemeinde… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Endingen — may refer to:*Endingen am Kaiserstuhl, Germany *Endingen, Switzerland in the canton of Aargau …   Wikipedia

  • Endingen — Endingen, 1) Stadt im Amte Kenzingen des badischen Oberrheinkreises; Leinweberei, Weinbau, Wein u. Viehhandel; 3500 Ew.; 2) Pfarrdorf im Oberamt Balingen des württembergischen Schwarzwaldkreises; 800 Ew …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Endingen — Endingen, Stadt im bad. Kreis Freiburg, Amt Emmendingen, am Nordfuß des Kaiserstuhls und an der Kaiserstuhlbahn, mit 2 kath. Kirchen, treibt Weinbau, Leder , Schuh und Zigarrenfabrikation und hat (1900) 2953 meist kath. Einwohner. – E., zuerst… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Endingen — Endingen, Stadt im bad. Kr. Freiburg, am nördl. Fuße des Kaiserstuhls, (1900) 2953 E.; Wein , Obstbau …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

  • Endingen — Endingen, bad. Stadt im Oberrheinkreise am nördl. Fuße des Kaiserstuhls mit 3300 E., starkem Weinbau, Leineweberei …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Endingen AG — AG ist das Kürzel für den Kanton Aargau in der Schweiz und wird verwendet, um Verwechslungen mit anderen Einträgen des Namens Endingenf zu vermeiden. Endingen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Endingen — Para la comuna alemana, véase Endingen am Kaiserstuhl. Endingen Escudo …   Wikipedia Español

  • Endingen — Original name in latin Endingen Name in other language Endingen State code DE Continent/City Europe/Berlin longitude 48.14221 latitude 7.70049 altitude 182 Population 9034 Date 2013 02 16 …   Cities with a population over 1000 database

  • Endingen — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Endingen peut se référer à : une commune suisse du canton d Argovie une ville allemande du Bade Wurtemberg Catégories : HomonymieHomonymie de… …   Wikipédia en Français

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